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JESUS IS LORD!!

WHY THE CROSS?

Gustaf Aulén

The cross and forgiveness

Anselm of Canterbury writing in the eleventh century rejected the idea that God deceived the Devil through the cross of Christ. Instead he presented an alternative view which is often called the satisfaction theory of the atonement.

In this theory Jesus pays the penalty for each individual’s sin in order to right the relationship between God and humanity, a relationship damaged by sin.

Jesus’s death is the penalty or “satisfaction” for sin.

Satisfaction was an idea used in the early church to describe the public actions – pilgrimage, charity – that a christian would undertake to show that he was grateful for forgiveness.

Only Jesus can make satisfaction because he is without sin. He is sinless because in the Incarnation God became man. The theory is thought out by Anselm in his work Cur Deus Homo or Why God became Man.
The cross as a moral example
Religious icon of Jesus

Moral influence theories or exemplary theories comprise a fourth category used to explain the atonement. They emphasise God’s love expressed through the life and death of Jesus.

Christ accepted a difficult and undeserved death. This demonstration of love in turn moves us to repent and re-unites us with God. Peter Abelard (1079-1142) is associated with this theory. He wr

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